The construction of Chandigarh is historically linked to the events that led to the birth of two new nations from the former British colony. After independence on August 15, 1947, there was a bloody partition which saw the subcontinent divided into two states. The province of Punjab was split and its capital, Lahore, was attached to Pakistan. It was necessary for India to designate or build a new metropolis. It was to be called Chandigarh, from the name, "Chandi," the Indian goddess of power, to whom a temple existed on the chosen site, and "garh," meaning fortress.
Living on-site, Pierre Jeanneret was to be intimately associated with this ambitious program and supervised the work, which lasted for almost fifteen years, In close collaboration with his illustrious cousin, Le Corbusier, he supervised the manufacture of numerous articles of furniture for public and private buildings, astutely using the trees provided by the deforestation necessitated by the various construction projects.
Today, the city is home to approximately 1,500,000 Chandigarhis. Le Corbusier and Pierre Jeanneret, at the head of their French and Indian teams, worked jointly on the project from 1951 to 1965.